Thursday, September 3, 2020

Independent Novel Essay on Pride and Prejudice -- essays research pape

Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice â€Å"It is truth all around recognized, that a solitary man possessing a favorable luck, must be in need of a wife.† This statement out of the novel is the absolute first sentence and is additionally one of the subjects of this novel. Despite the fact that it might appear as though a weird topic it was very acceptable, if not extraordinary. It gave the story entertaining minutes, uncertain turns, and a sort of sentimental experience that pretty much every young lady cherishes. The subject is straightforward, yet keeps the crowds intrigued and engaged with deduction what will occur straightaway. Another subject that the novel has is the possibility of not making a decision about individuals by their general exterior, yet looking nearer into what is really going on, and during the time spent doing that ending up too. In spite of the fact that that topic might be somewhat hard to perceive in light of the fact that youngsters in this novel, basically the Bennet young ladies, by and large consider nothing other than finding a decent spouse. In spite of the fact that that might be the situation, this sub ject is as yet obvious in the content. There was just a single Bennet young lady, Elizabeth Bennet, who didn't continually consider finding a spouse and was a similar youngster that needed to figure out the real story not exclusively to wind up however to likewise uncover her adoration for another. On that Elizabeth Bennet, had her very own brain and had sentiments that a few ladies didn't think to be â€Å"civil† for that timespan. However her feelings were practical and legit. That astonished and interested a specific noble man, a Mr. Darcy. It gave h...

Saturday, August 22, 2020

The History of the Genocide in the Rwandan

Presentation The Rwanda decimation that happened in 1994 prompted the loss of around 800,000 existences of the Tutsi people group. The death of the president Juvenal Habyarimana set off the destruction where the Hutu local army along with the Rwandan military sorted out deliberate assaults on the Tutsi who were the minority ethnic gathering in Rwanda.Advertising We will compose a custom article test on The History of the Genocide in the Rwandan explicitly for you for just $16.05 $11/page Learn More The Rwandan slaughter was very abnormal in light of the fact that it was a fast mass killing, which prompted the loss of around 800,000 lives in only 100 days. The United States of America president around then Bill Clinton during his visit to Rwanda apologized and told the Tutsi that he felt like others â€Å"†¦who didn't completely value the profundity and the speed with which you were being inundated by this inconceivable terror† (Power Para. 7). The Rwanda massacre turns in to the extraordinary destruction that happened in the twentieth century. This exposition investigates the historical backdrop of the slaughter, the thinking of the Hutu government and sets up why the worldwide network didn't mediate. History of the Genocide Hutu and Tutsi are the two clans of Rwanda who have consistently been political adversaries, battling for power since freedom in 1952. Belgians who colonized Rwanda supported Tutsi while they dismissed the Hutu, yet after freedom, Hutu started to appreciate the benefits of the legislature. â€Å"†¦independence introduced three many years of Hutu rule, under which Tutsi were efficiently victimized and intermittently exposed to rushes of executing and ethnic cleansing† (Power Para. 17). Numerous Tutsi went to oust in the neighboring nations and framed renegades who continually assaulted the Hutu government. In 1990, Tutsi shaped the Rwanda Patriotic Front, which assaulted the Hutu government prompting the Rwandan common war. The Rwandan common war prompted the marking of the Arusha Accord that constrained the Rwandan government, which Hutu ruled, to shape an administration of national solidarity by fusing minimized Tutsi and the Hutu who were in resistance. For the acknowledgment of harmony, the sending United Nation peacekeepers helped in neutralization of the regular folks for Tutsi and Hutu to live in amicability. Hutu felt that the Tutsi and the Belgians needed to subjugate them again as during colonization and they promised never to concur with the details of the Arusha Accord. By 1993, â€Å"Hutu radicals dismissed these terms and set out to threaten Tutsi and those Hutu legislators strong of the harmony procedure †¦thousands Rwandans were slaughtered, and around 9,000 were confined while weapons, projectiles, and blades started showing up by the planeload† (Power Para. 18).Advertising Looking for exposition on government? How about we check whether we can support you! Get your f irst paper with 15% OFF Learn More Subsequent occasional assaults on Tutsi set up for the destruction in 1994. At that point, there was obvious militarization of Hutu in availability to eliminate the Tutsi and Belgian peacekeepers, who the Hutu saw as their foes. The death of the Rwandan president Juvenal Habyarimana activated orderly mass killings of Tutsi by the Hutu military where they killed around 800,000 Tutsi in around 100 days. Despite the fact that numerous representatives saw it as common war, they modify found yet late, that decimation had happened. Presently the annihilation is an incredible scar in the place where there is Rwanda. Hutu Government Hutu government rose after autonomy in 1952. Before the autonomy, the Tutsi appreciated a lot of benefit from the frontier government since they helped out the Belgians in sabotaging the Hutu battles for freedom. Accordingly, the Hutu government contemplated that Tutsi were their adversaries and they battled them both strategic ally and by utilization of military. Vote based system was hard to accomplish in light of the fact that ideological groups and Tutsi were disobedient to the Hutu government and it saw them as protesters. The hostility of the Hutu and the Tutsi became doable when the Hutu government in three decades successively victimized the Tutsi clan prompting their outcast. â€Å"In 1990 a gathering of outfitted outcasts, principally Tutsi, who had been bunched on the Ugandan outskirt, attacked Rwanda†¦next quite a long while the dissidents, known as the Rwandan Patriotic Front made progress against Hutu government forces† (Power Para. 16). After the Rwandan common war, the Hutu government understood that the Tutsi were an extraordinary danger to their legislature and their reality, thus concocted approaches to annihilate them. The Hutu government additionally saw the marking of the Arusha Accord that prompted the arrangement of legislature of national solidarity as a plan to oust th em out of government. The Arusha Accord was only a paper as the then United Nations right hand official; Beardsley admitted that, â€Å"we traveled to Rwanda with a Michelin guide, a duplicate of the Arusha understanding, and that was it †¦ under the feeling that the circumstance was very direct; there was one strong government side and one firm revolutionary side† (Power Para. 21).Advertising We will compose a custom paper test on The History of the Genocide in the Rwandan explicitly for you for just $16.05 $11/page Learn More The Hutu fanatics in the legislature dismissed the usage of the Arusha Accord and didn't execute it precisely. Therefore, any individual who was supporting the Arusha Accord turned into a foe to the Hutu government. The Hutu government contemplated that Tutsi, resistance pioneers and remote representatives needed to oust them from the administration, subsequently composed efficient mass killings as a method of guarding their its standard. The deat h of their leader was an away from of a plan to oust the legislature. Worldwide Community The global network didn't mediate in the Rwanda decimation due to the administrations in their strategies. For example, the United States international strategy didn't accommodate Bill Clinton to intercede the event of Rwanda annihilation. George Bush in 2000 gave his announcement concerning Rwanda that, â€Å"I don’t like decimation, yet I would not submit our soldiers †¦ slaughter could happen again tomorrow and we wouldn’t react to any differently† (Power Para. 40). The international strategies of the United States are brimming with administrations and that is the reason it took long for them to react yet with expressions of remorse that couldn't help. They didn't consider Rwanda massacre as a helpful emergency, along these lines, they stayed silent while 8000 lives are lost for each day. There were moderate reactions from the global network on the grounds that the circumstance of Rwanda was a blend of common war and annihilation. Force contends that, â€Å"it is genuine that the exact nature and degree of the butcher was clouded by the common war, the withdrawal of U.S. strategic sources, some befuddled press revealing, and the lies of the Rwandan government† (Para. 26). Different countries depended on the United Nations and the United States of America however they all stayed silent leaving them to depend on confounding news from the Rwandan government and the media. In the event that the universal network could have interceded, it could be advocated as a philanthropic war since it could have spared numerous lives Conclusion The Rwandan slaughter is a stunning encounter to the world since it portrays how human lives can be lost in such a cruel way. The circumstance of Rwanda turned out to be a lot of more regrettable as the worldwide network never reacted successfully to spare the situation.Advertising Searching for article on government? We should check whether we can support you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Find out More The universal network never envisioned that mass killings of that degree would happen the same number of felt that what was occurring was only a typical common war. Along these lines, ethnical governmental issues of Rwanda and the global network are liable for the event and the degree of the destruction. Works Cited Power, Samantha. â€Å"Bystanders to Genocide.† The Atlantic Monthly 288.2 September 2001. Web. to-slaughter/304571/ This paper on The History of the Genocide in the Rwandan was composed and put together by client Zion Mcguire to help you with your own examinations. You are allowed to utilize it for research and reference purposes so as to compose your own paper; in any case, you should refer to it appropriately. You can give your paper here.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Services Such As Postpaid Plans Marketing Essay

Administrations Such As Postpaid Plans Marketing Essay DiGi is the Telecommunication SdnBhd that supplier portable help in Malaysia. DiGi is offer administrations, for example, postpaid plans prepaid plans, universal calling, global wandering, information plans and administrations, SMS, MMS, GPRS, EDGE and WAPservices. The goals in this DiGi promotion is publicize that DiGiis redesigning LTE arrange destinations and improve the web inclusion in Malaysia.DiGi needs pull in more client change to be DiGi by utilizing updating LTE systems administration and administrations. DiGi is gives the fast web covering at any rate 95.8% of all Malaysia. Web can improve lives, engage networks, and change the business. Accordingly, increment inclusion of fast web (3G EDGE) to front of all Malaysian. More grounded, increasingly stable system DiGi update the more grounded and increasingly stable systems administration with improves limit and the chance to furnish DiGi client with the best remote Internet experience. In this way, DiGiusers can diminish the likelihood temperamental line where the association speed can change a great deal, or get visit detachments. LTE Equipped DiGi is going to gives first LTE-prepared and prepared to convey fiber-like paces to help the expected LTE cell phones. Along these lines, DiGi is additionally gives the innovation ahead of time to coming cell phone, for example, iPhone 5. It can utilizing LTE to associate the system. Request and Unique Selling Proposition Request DiGi is promoting the intensity of valuable by utilizing web by redesign the new innovation LTE prepared system. DiGi utilizing the yellow shading kid speak to the DiGi client in the commercial, for example, catch the lost feline photograph and offer to web to the world request help to discover the lost feline. Other than that, DiGi client can get to the web to associate web based life for search the old companions or make new companions. From the commercial, DiGi is demonstrating the rapid web to get to web, for example, the couple find new spot for dinnerand they can look with fast by utilizing google guide to allot the area. Web additionally helps the DiGi client assembling more data and greater thought. In addition, DiGi is likewise gives the fast web to 95.8% inclusion in Malaysia, so the DiGi client can get to the web at any corner or wherever. Furthermore, DiGi Telco is gives first LTE prepared system in Malaysia.DiGi likewise advert that DiGi is constantly more astute decisio n to the client. Separate (Benefit, Uniqueness and Potency) Advantage Development DiGi is overhaul the LTE-prepared system and prepared to convey fiber-like paces to help the imminent LTE cell phones. Accordingly, individual who is holding LTE cell phones can be appreciate the fiber-like paces to associate the web by DiGi Network. Extending High Speed Internet Coverage (3G/EDGE) DiGi is redesigning the fast web inclusion at any rate 95.8% of all Malaysia. The client can get the more grounded signal that gives by DiGi. In this way, DiGi client can get to the web at anyplace in Malaysia, for example, inside structure territory or nursery. Progressively Stable Network DiGi client can get increasingly steady association with higher speed web for search data. For instance, DiGi client need discover a spot for eating, and they are no thought where to going. Along these lines, DiGi client can look through data and promptly get the proposal by web what eatery is gives acceptable taste of food. Uniqueness first Malaysia LTE-Equipped Network DiGi is first media transmission organization that overhaul the LTE-prepared system and prepared to convey fiber-like rates to help the prospective LTE cell phones. Rapid Internet Coverage In the TV ad, DiGi is advert the Telco is extend to 95.8% of inclusion in Malaysia. That implies DiGi is covering all region to DiGi for get to the Internet. Power Advancement DiGi is advancement that turns into the primary Telco set up LTE prepared system in Malaysia. What's more, it is prepare for the forthcoming innovation LTE cell phones. Strengthen DiGi is utilizing TOMORROW NETWORK to advance their telco administrations is improvement rapid web and extend the inclusion DiGi organize in Malaysia to draw in more client. Other than that, in the commercial DiGi is utilizing google guide and web-based social networking to indicating how supportive of internetandpromote with their web organize is 95.8% inclusion in Malaysia. More than that, DiGi advert by utilizing kids is on the grounds that DiGi feel that children is speak to new age same as the new innovation LTE prepared system. To wrap things up, the ad gives more DiGi update data in the Educate DiGi is promotes on the TV at ntv7. It is on the grounds that ntv7 is target crowd in urban individuals and this commercial is in English form. Other than that, the communicate time of DiGi promotion is appearing at 2pm to4pm and 7pm to 10pm. This is on the grounds that the 2pm-4pm more youthful clients are free after their school or coffee break to sit in front of the TV. Furthermore, the urban individuals are just allowed to sit and watch the TV at 7pm-9pm pacific time. Convince The significant client need or need is getting an enormous inclusion of media transmission administrations and high association speed in their bustling life. Along these lines, DiGi is attempting to meet the consumer loyalty by utilizing improve their administrations, for example, speed up and grow the inclusion. Division and Target Audience Segment DiGi is utilizing segment division to section the market. It is partition the market as life stage division factors. DiGi is section life stage variable base on kid, youth, university, grown-up and senior. After section the market, DiGi is discovered that the university fragment is the greater use of the web. From the ad, we likewise found that DiGi is utilizing the university to advert in the notice. Financial DiGi is utilizing financial division to section the market. It is partition the market as training division factors. DiGi is fragment training factors base on no informed, some secondary school, and expert alumni. It is on the grounds that the promotion is utilizing English language to publicize. Accordingly, the client has some secondary school information to comprehend the English and knowing to get to web. Target crowd Essential Target Market The essential objective market of DiGi is focused on university. It is on the grounds that the university is the greater use of the web and furthermore got great instruction level in Malaysia. Other than that, university resembles to online inquiry to do their task and utilizing web based life to speak with their companion. And furthermore from the promotion, we additionally found that DiGi is utilizing the university to advert in the ad. Optional Target Market The optional objective market of DiGi is focused on office specialist. It is on the grounds that the workplace specialist has enough information to get to the web and furthermore capable contact with the client by utilizing telephone web based sending email or search the client location.From the ad, get to the web to discover the area for supper with the client. Inductions Utilizing fiery music to introduce DiGi notice is utilizing vigorous ambient sounds to introduce the notice. It causes the crowd to feel that utilizing DiGi media transmission will get progressively vivacious and youthful. Unmistakable voice tone of talking From the notice, we can hear the unmistakable voice tone talking in English and straightforward and clear convey the message to the crowd. Target youngsters From the promotion, we can see that DiGi is utilizing the youngsters participate in the commercial. It is on the grounds that DiGiis focusing on youngsters for future development and for the presentation of new items, for example, LTE to the client. Fast Internet 95.8% for Malaysian In the TV commercial, DiGi is advert that extends to 95.8% of inclusion in Malaysia. Hence, DiGi is permitted to get to the web all territory in Malaysia to look through data and online networking. Give site to data redesign DiGi is utilizing site to convey more data about tomorrow networkto client. Prior to end of the notice, DiGiis gives the site address to client logon to look through all the more refreshing data of DiGi tomorrow organize. High innovation DiGi is going to gives first LTE-prepared and prepared to convey fiber-like rates to help the prospective LTE cell phones. In this manner, DiGi is set up ahead of time for coming new high innovation LTE cell phones. Continuously the more brilliant decision From end of the ad DiGi demonstrated that they are consistently the more astute decision. DiGi needs the client feel that by utilizing the DiGi, will become make them additionally become a more intelligent buyer and settling on a more astute decision. Intensity of web From the promotion, DiGi is advert the intensity of web can assist the client with finding the lost feline, companion, supper area, and getting more thought at around the entire world. Utilizing yellow shading speak to DiGi From the commercial, we can found the each there are a great deal of yellow shading. It is on the grounds that yellow is speaking to the DiGi media transmission. Along these lines, when client sees the yellow shading and will make them think about the DiGi. Printing Advertisement Presentation The Magic Health is a shower framework item by Panasonic that gives flawlessly coordinated hot and cold water to fortify the client. The target Panasonic publicize on paper is advise to their devotion client Panasonic is dispatch new item call Magic Health shower and educate them about the advantage and highlights of the item. Item Features E-Cycle The Panasonic enchantment wellbeing shower framework e-cycle is shifts back and forth among hot and cold water to upgrade blood flow. It can let client without doing activity to improve blood course and gives open to believing to client who is scrubbing down by utilizing enchantment wellbeing show framework. E-Hybrid The Panasonic enchantment healt

Monday, June 15, 2020

Saint Augustines Reconciliation of Faith and Intellect - Literature Essay Samples

All Christians desire to be closer to God, and ultimately, to be with Him after death. But how does one grow closer to God? There are two possible answers to this question. The simplest answer is that all one needs to do is have faith in the words of the Bible. But for many, faith alone does not seem enough. They feel the need to understand God. What can their beliefs mean without understanding? So, again, the question: Should one follow Gods word with blind faith, or should one use reason and intellect to better understand ones creator? Saint Augustine, a great Catholic saint, struggled with this very same question. On the surface, The Confessions is the story of one man whose spiritual journey leads him from the depths of sin and sexual appetite to the life of a devout Christian. However, aside from his struggle with lust, Saint Augustine wrestles with another issue, one which lies just under the surface of his narration. Like other Christians, he yearns to be close to God, but as he searches for the method to reach this goal, the conflict between his Biblical and Platonic beliefs comes to a head. Though Plato may not seem directly applicable at first, there are many parallels between Platos Good and the Christian God. However, while the Bible suggests that one can only grow closer to God through faith alone, Plato says that one can only grow closer to the Good by using philosophy, an act of the intellect. Throughout The Confessions, Saint Augustine wavers between these two, seemingly opposing ideas, but, in the end, he is able to reconcile this problem of intellect and faith.Christian teaching offers faith as the single most important means to drawing closer to God. Early in the text, Saint Augustine says that The Church demanded that certain things should be believed even though they could not be proved, for if they could be proved, not all men could understand the proof, and some could not be proved at all (6, 5). To the church, proof and understanding do not have any importance whatsoever. Three main principles form the foundation of the Church. First, there is the belief in the almighty God, creator of heaven and earth. Secondly, they believe that Jesus, who was God incarnate, was born of a virgin to die on the cross in order to conquer hell and ascend into heaven, thus redeeming the souls of all men. Lastly, there is the promise that good Christians will be rewarded by eternal life in heaven with God. These beliefs cannot be supported or proved with the perceived laws of the world that we live in. Therefore, because these things are seemingly supernatural, faith has become the single most important characteristic of Christianity.One book in the Bible is devoted almost entirely to the idea of faith. In the book of Job, Job becomes the subject of a bet between God and Satan. Satan claims that Job, one of Gods faithful servants, only lives a blameless life because God protects him from harm. To prove Satan wr ong, God allows him to destroy Jobs children, servants, and animals, and, later, curse Job with boils. When Jobs friends come to see him, they try to explain Jobs condition. Presuming to know Gods motives, they claim that it is Gods punishment for Job. Eliphaz asks, isnt your wickedness great? (Job 22:5). He tells Job, Thats why snares are round about you (Job 22:10). They believe that they can understand Gods ways, and that only Jobs own actions can be responsible for his misfortune. Instead of attempting to use reason, Job recognizes that he cannot understand God, and points out to Eliphaz and the others that they cannot either by saying, Whence then comes wisdom? Where is the place of understanding? Seeing it is hidden from the eyes of all living Destruction and Death say, We have heard a rumor of it with our ears. God understands its way, and He knows its place (Job 28:20-23). By saying this, Job not only points out that God is the true keeper of wisdom and understandi ng, but he also suggests the consequences of attempting to gain true wisdom. Only fallacies can be found, and ultimately the seeker will be led to Destruction and Death.The book of Job also gives a clear picture of Gods view in this matter. As Job and his friends debate, God comes down in a cloud and says to Eliphaz, My wrath is kindled against you, and against your two friends; for you have not spoken of me the thing that is right as my servant Job has (Job 42:7). God is angered at Eliphaz because he has misrepresented Him. Only Job recognizes that Gods wisdom is not to be understood by men; and, as his friends are punished for presuming to understand God, Job is awarded for being faithful.Faith is also greatly emphasized in the gospels, especially in the book of Matthew. Jesus speaks often of faith throughout this gospel, and makes it clear that it is the most important part of a good Christian life. When angry at the cities that did not repent after experiencing his miracle s, Jesus says I thank you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that you hid these things from the wise and understanding, and revealed them to infants (Matthew 11:25). In this speech, Jesus draws a clear distinction between the innocence and simplicity of children, and the men that are thought to be wise and understanding. Even though they are men who seek wisdom and understanding, they miss the truth that Jesus preaches about. By praising God for giving the truth to children, Jesus suggests that the truth is either unattainable or hard to understand among those that are seeking it. The only right way to receive the truth is by accepting it as given directly by God. Jesus also illustrates how faith brings men closer to God, saying, if you have faith as a grain of mustard seednothing will be impossible for you (Matthew 17:20). By using the image of a mustard seed, he illustrates how even a small amount of faith brings one closer to God, such that Gods strength will be with him. This faith is the source of ones connection to God.Saint Augustine offers evidence of the importance of faith in one of his confessions by illustrating how, without faith, it is impossible to be close to God. When talking about his misery and pain after losing his best friend, Saint Augustine says, I knew, Lord, that I ought to offer [my soul] up to you, for you would heal it. But this I would not do, nor could IIt was not you that I believed in, but some empty figmentand if I tried to find in it a place to rest my burden, there was nothing there to uphold it (4, 7). God was not with him to guide him through his troubles or give him strength for his suffering because Saint Augustine did not truly have faith in him. Saint Augustine suggests that had he had faith in God, God would have taken his burden from him and given him relief.Even though faith is very important to Saint Augustine, he is still, by nature, an inquisitive man. At times, however, his curiosity and desire to und erstand God seem to him like a curse. This is most evident in book 10, when Saint Augustine introduces a kind of paradox after explaining his search for an answer to the question what is my God? (10, 6). He says, The animals, both great and small, are aware of it1, but they cannot inquire into its meaning because they are not guided by reason Man, on the other hand, can question nature. He is able to catch sight of Gods invisible nature through his creatures, but his love of these material things is too great (10, 6). Men have the ability to reason, which sets them apart from animals. This allows them to get a glimpse of God by looking to nature and questioning it. However, animals simply know that God is the higher power, and that he is found above us (10, 6). They do not question this because, for them, there is no need for greater understanding. Humans, on the other hand, because of the power to reason, and their inquisitive minds, search for a better understanding of God . But, in so doing, they can become too focused on the material world which will, in the end, keep them from knowing Him.The Bible answers the question of intellect directly. For example, from the very beginning of human existence in the Bible, it is condemned as the devils means of driving men away from God. In Genesis, after God has created Adam and Eve and put them in the Garden of Eden, he gives them all of his creation, save one thing knowledge. He instructs Adam to eat from any tree but of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, you shall not eat of it: for in the day that you eat of it you will surely die (Genesis 2:17). God does not tell them why he has commanded them not to eat from this tree, but he expects them to do as he says even without explanation. Their role is obey him without question. However, Adam and Eve are tempted by the serpent who encourages them to eat from this tree, saying, God knows that in the day you eat it, your eyes will be opened, and you w ill be like God, knowing good and evil (Genesis 3:5). The snake explains to them that they will not die, but gain understanding from the tree. To be like God is too tempting for them to resist, so they eat the fruit and bring upon themselves Gods anger. It is the desire to gain knowledge and understanding that leads to mans banishment from paradise and the introduction of pain and death in the world.This Biblical influence is apparent in The Confessions when Saint Augustine points out the uselessness, and even the danger, of the intellect. One example of this is in Book 5, when Saint Augustine is still with the Manichees. Speaking of the scientists he says, their thoughts could reach far enough to form a judgment about the world around them, though they found no trace of him who is Master of it (5, 3). Here, Saint Augustine points out that even though these scientists claim to understand the world around them, they miss the most basic and important fact: that God exists and is master of it all. Their intellect brings them no closer to God than someone who does not understand science at all. Saint Augustine even suggests that understanding science has no importance at all. After all, knowing God is most important to him. As an illustration of this point, he says that A man who knows that he owns a tree and thanks [God] for the use he has of it, even though he does not know its exact height or the width of its spread, is better than another who measures it and counts all its branches, but neither owns it nor knows and loves its Creator (5, 4). In this passage, the tree can be interpreted as representing all things that God has given the whole of creation as well as His word. Whether Saint Augustine is simply referring to a tree as the representation of Gods earthly creation, or whether he is referring to Gods word, the point is clear: it is not important to use science to understand what God has created. The only way to be closer to God is to faith fully accept His gift, and praise Him for it.More than merely thinking it useless, at one point, Saint Augustine calls inquisitiveness an outright sin. He says, in addition to our bodily appetites, which lead to our ruin the mind is also subject to a certain propensity to use the sense of the body for the satisfaction of its own inquisitiveness (10, 35). Here he likens curiosity to the sins of the body, but even states that it is more dangerous than these (10, 35). This thirst for knowledge and understanding, like the bodily indulgences, is a sin to be avoided. Saint Augustine explains that curiosity invades our religion, for we put God to the test (10, 35), suggesting that giving in to this temptation only leads men away from God.Though Saint Augustine appears to believe that the use of the intellect is wrong, his actions show how he continues to struggle with the issue. Being naturally inquisitive, he has a hard time simply accepting everything on faith alone. While discussi ng mathematics, Saint Augustine says:I compared it all with the teaching of Manes, who had written a great deal on these subjects But in his writings I could find no reasonable explanation of the solstices and the equinoxes or of eclipses and similar phenomena such as I had read about in the books written by secular scientists. Yet I was supposed to believe what he had written, although it was entirely at variance and out of keeping with the principles of mathematics and the evidence of my own eyes (5, 3).This passage hints at Saint Augustines frustration, as what he is supposed to believe does not fit with the evidence that is clear to him. He prefers to agree with the mathematicians because they provide solid evidence, whereas the religious scientist is unable to persuade him because his explanations are not reasonable and he provides no real proof. Mathematics makes use of concrete concepts which Saint Augustine can understand by using reason, but he confesses that I wanted to be equally sure about everything else, both material things for which I could not vouch by my own senses, and spiritual things of which I could form no idea (6, 4). In order to truly believe in them, Saint Augustine desires spiritual concepts to be as accessible through reason as mathematics.Saint Augustines attachment to mathematics is evidence of his Platonic influence. In order to better understand this influence, it is helpful to step back and take a look at the order of the universe in Platos mind. Plato does not personify it as Christians do, but he does believe in one thing which is the focal point of the universe. He identifies this as the Good. In Platonic theory, the universe is divided into two parts: the physical world, which is always changing, and the world of the forms, which are the true, unchanging models which the objects in the physical world only reflect. In this metaphysical world of the forms, it is the Good in which all other forms participate. Similar to the Christian God, to Plato, the Good is the source of all things. Humans, constrained by their physical bodies, can only perceive the things around them in the physical world through their bodily senses. However, because the soul must experience its surroundings through the body, it does not get a true picture of the universe. It can only experience the changing world, which in the end, separates it from the true forms. Mathematical thought is quite different from the sensory perceptions of the body. Plato says that mathematicians make use of visible shapes and objects and subject them to analysis. At the same time, however, they consider them only as images of the originalsin all cases the originals are their concern and not the figures they draw (Republic, 510d-510e). Because it focuses on the mental concepts, not on their physical representations, Plato claims that mathematics serves as a kind of steppingstone.This link to the forms is important to Plato because, to h im, understanding the forms should be the goal of all men. In Platos mind, some men live bad lives, and when they die, they are punished for living unjustly. On the other hand, some men live just lives, and because of their good behavior are given the chance to choose another life. Both classes of men, however, fail to put focus on the forms, concentrating instead on the physical world. A smaller and completely separate class of men live their lives only to understand the truth of the forms. These men are called philosophers. Plato says, And of these such as have purified themselves sufficiently by philosophy live thereafter altogether without bodies, and reach habitations even more beautiful (Phaedo, 114c). By living as a philosopher and separating ones soul from the pollution of the body, one can achieve the ultimate reward after death. The soul is set free and exists among the forms, therefore attaining the ultimate goal of being one with the Good.Instead of dismissing th e intellect altogether, as the Bible does, Plato claims that, used properly, the intellect is the only way to become a true philosopher, and thus, understand the Good. He does, however, contest the use of intellect solely for physical investigation. To Plato, one must live to separate oneself from the material and changing world. Only then can one grasp the concepts of philosophy. The process by which one can get past the physical world to understand the forms is called the dialectic. The dialectic is a rational discourse between two or more people in response to a question or preconceived idea. Plato further explains the dialectic within the dialogues of the Republic. For example, he says, Then dialectic remains the only intellectual process whose method is that of dissecting hypotheses and ascending to first principles in order to obtain valid knowledge (Republic, 533c-533d). By making intelligent arguments, the participants are able to cast off the limitations of the phys ical world and work together toward understanding true knowledge of the forms. When discussing the importance of philosophy among the guardians, Plato says, Even when the souls eye is sunk in the muddy pit of barbarism, the dialectic will gently release it and draw it upward, calling upon the studies we recently examined to support its work of conversion (Republic, 533d). Here, he underscores the power of the dialectic. The barbarism that he refers to is the completely uncomprehending soul of one who is rooted in the material world. By using ones intellect, however, through the dialectic, the soul can rise up from the false images of the physical world to understand the true forms, and eventually, understand the Good.Platos influence on Saint Augustine begins to become even more clear as Saint Augustine looks into the Bible for deeper meanings. In Book 6, Saint Augustine describes the Bible as having plain language and simple style [which] make it accessible to everyone, and ye t it absorbs the attention of the learned. By this means it gathers all men in the wide sweep of its net, and some pass safely through the narrow mesh and come to you (6, 5). He suggests that, while the Bible satisfies the needs of some men with its straightforward stories on the surface of its pages, for other men, like Saint Augustine, who yearn for a greater understanding of God, there are deeper meanings to be found with the intellect. Like Platos philosophers, Saint Augustine even suggests that those men who find the deeper meanings will ultimately be closer to God than those who do not. By questioning the Bible to search for that deeper meaning, Saint Augustine shows that, like Plato, he believes in using his intellect in a dialectic fashion to get past preconceived ideas and come to a better understanding of God and his creation.Saint Augustine is, indeed, strongly influenced by Platos ideas. Plato does not, however, have all the answers that Saint Augustine needs. What is missing from Platonic thought is faith. Because Saint Augustine is a Christian, he cannot, and does not, dismiss the value of faith. Instead, where Plato emphasizes a discourse between men, Saint Augustine turns to God for guidance. Because God is omniscient, Saint Augustine believes that He is the only source of true knowledge, and therefore, one cannot find the truth while relying on other men. One must put his questions to God. He believes that one can understand the truth, but only by putting faith in God to guide him in his search.In fact, Confessions itself is an example of this dialectic with God. Throughout the text, Saint Augustine refers to God in the second person, using You, which shows that he is, in fact, addressing God directly, and Confessions is therefore Saint Augustines dialogue with God. After elaborating on his past sins, Saint Augustine poses many questions to God about His creation. All throughout Book 11, he asks to better understand Gods mysterie s. For example, he asks, Let me hear and understand the meaning of the words: In the Beginning you made heaven and earth (11, 3). Though the Church would like Christians to accept the words of Genesis as truth in the simplest form in which they are presented, Saint Augustine questions them, and wants to understand them more deeply as Moses understood them. He confesses, My mind is burning to solve this intricate puzzle (11, 22). His questions are followed by long discourse with himself where he suggests possible arguments in an attempt to find the truth. For example, Books 12 and 13 are dedicated entirely to possible meanings of the words in Genesis. Instead of relying solely on himself to find the answer, however, putting faith in God he asks, Through Christ I beseech you, do not keep it hidden away but make it clear to me. Let your mercy give me light (11, 22).Because the teachings of the Church and those of Plato set faith and intellect as opposites, people struggle by den ying one or the other in their attempts to become closer to God. Saint Augustine, however, shows that faith and intellect can work hand-in-hand to reach this end. In fact, he suggests that this is the best way. Faith and the Bible form the foundation of the search for truth, but Saint Augustine suggests that one should perform a kind of internal dialectic in order to gain knowledge by posing questions to God. Though these questions are not answered directly by Him, Saint Augustine believes that one can ultimately, through ones own intellect and faith in Gods guidance, be led to the truth, and thus, become closer to Him.

Sunday, May 17, 2020

The Critique Of Karl Marx Essay - 1549 Words

In â€Å"Marx: Anthropologist,† Thomas C. Patterson provides archival research and contemporary analysis to defend the assertion that Karl Marx was one of the first urban anthropologists and a progenitor of emic ethnography in western culture. Patterson also aims to correct prior misinterpretations of Marx’s work in a polemic manner, addressing deficiencies in early analyses through careful argumentation and relevant evidence to contrary inferences. Patterson’s stated purpose is to answer the question â€Å"What would Marx’s anthropology look like today?† and does so by explaining the correlation between critical-dialectical methodology and the manner in which Marx went about social analysis. Chapters are organized according to each subject’s relevance to the construction of Marx’s anthropology. Chapter one focuses on the greater political state of Europe and university culture in which Marx received his education, providing historical and pedagogical explanations for the manifestation of his ideas. Chapter two explains the facets of Marx’s â€Å"philosophical† anthropology, explaining how Marx viewed the moral and social characteristics of humans. Chapter three highlights Marx’s ideas and works that explain his â€Å"empirical† anthropology, or the how he viewed the natural and biological determinants of human existence. Chapter four aims to explain the importance of modes of production and social relations to Marx’s theory of cultural change. In chapters five and six, Patterson incorporatesShow MoreRelated Karl Marx and His Critique of Capitalism Essays1569 Words   |  7 Pages( This paper will discuss the changes in capitalism since Marx’s critique in 1848. Marx’s fundamental critique remains correct today. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

A Brief Note On Police Double Standard And The Media

I am writing my paper on police double standard. It came to my attention that when police are in the media, they are portrayed as the bad guy. I asked myself if that is the case, or is that the media perception. The police are in a position to protect and serve the community. The community should feel nothing but security and trust towards a police officer right? I am also aware that the media can also mislead and also contribute to the community feeling negative towards the cops. Very rarely do you see a cop doing an act of kindness, and that footage blowing up in the media. I am writing about double standard, depending in the cops of course, will single out blacks and Hispanics, according to numerous media footage. Also you hear of†¦show more content†¦In 1985, we had the first women chief of police. And in 2000, compromised 13 percent of all officers. ( The dates were cited to show the progress that women have accomplished through the eras. It has been a rocky road for our colleagues. Regardless of our accomplishments we only make a small percentage of the police department. The reasons are not written but rather just carried throughout the years. Many women have to excel higher than male counterparts just to be considered good enough. In Riverside County, there is an effort to hire more women and a very small part make it through. Mostly in the fitness test, fail. Women that are hired, are inevitably resented by their male colleagues and many are harassed. In the workforce, women encounter what is called a â€Å"glass ceiling†, which is a term to identify what many women feel oppressed to go for a higher position, as they dread their male counterparts opinions. Women have always had obstacles and I feel that it’s a shame, because women can be a great attribute. In my opinion women are less likely to use excessive force, last longer and will in the long run invest more with the community because they are more prone to listen. Minorities Minorities are also prone to the double standard. In 2008, blacks were more likely than white and Hispanics to experience use of force. An estimated 84% who experienced use of force reported that the police acted

The Changing World of Retail Multi-Channel Retailing

Question: Task Following on from this your individual report will be based on the attached article about on-line shopping and will consist of: A critical analysis of the effects of on-line shopping on both consumers and retailers in terms of the advantages and disadvantages to each. You should include in this a discussion based around the articles contention that the future of on-line shopping could be about less choice for consumers, not more. Answer: Effects of on-line shopping on both consumers and retailers in terms of the advantages and disadvantages to each Introduction In the last 20 years, many technological changes had taken place, which has made the life easier for people in all parts of the world. Internet is the best medium for communicating with friends and relatives. Online shopping culture has also evolved in last few years, which has brought boom in the market, and retailers have also came online. Its the easy and secured medium for doing online shopping and customers are enjoying it. As Alba and Hutchinson (1987) have mentioned demographics are not so crucial for the purpose of determining the potential online shopping (Alba, Lynch, Weitz, Janiszewski, Lutz, Sawyer and Wood 1997). The propensity of the risk taking is referred as the powerful factor(Alba, Lynch, Weitz, Janiszewski, Lutz, Sawyer and Wood 1997). Its noted that online shopping is considered as the high risk holding tendency (Aldridge, Forcht and Pierson 1997). Consumers holding the high privacy as well as security concern hold the lesser rate of purchasing in the online shopping, but at the sametime they try to create balance through their quest for making sue of the information benefits (Aldridge, Forcht and Pierson 1997). Consumers are educated and even confident in decision making, they are even demanding, and online shopping tries to meet their demand by providing them with an effective purchasing process (Aldridge, Forcht and Pierson 1997). Advantages You could buy anything anywhere- It has been found that their purchasing power and income are quite consistent and they are shifting from Bricks and Mortar shopping towards online shopping (Bakos and Brynjolfsson 1999). Any websites buy any products- History of online usage as well as intensity also impacts the potential of online shopping so as people use the internet more, they use it more for shopping (Bakos and Brynjolfsson 1999). Save time - The online consumers of the 21st century are professional, young as well as affluent with a high income and good education (Adee 2002). Consumers at the present time give more value to money and time. Non store retailers are trying to target working people and households with the problem of time constraints (Bakos and Brynjolfsson 1999). Disadvantages Security- The main reason behind the online shopping reluctance is the difference as well as the cost incurred by distance shipping, along with various other factors like theimproper amount of online shopping associated information, obstacles that create experiences related to the purchase such as refund and delivery issues, general fear of security, and different perceived risks like product quality and financial risk (Bakos and Brynjolfsson 2000). Reliability- Reasons behind abandoning online purchase is often quite technical like the complexity of a transaction or the unexpected cost of shipping (Bakos and Brynjolfsson 2000). Need to have credit card or PayPal otherwise you cant pay it off through online- There are some consumers who accept online shopping, but the technical complexities tend to discourage them (Bakos and Brynjolfsson 2000). Most of the retailers try to communicate continuously with their consumers as well as business partners, in order to collect and disseminate information and even try to solve the issues of business immediately as well as effectively by the use of latest information technologies; therefore, exchange of information has become quite easy for the retailers online (Alba, Lynch, Weitz, Janiszewski, Lutz, Sawyer and Wood 1997). Advantages Geographic- The operational benefits related to online shopping include accessibility from various areas as well as time zones all over the world, which is mainly introduced through the international business opportunities (Alba, Lynch, Weitz, Janiszewski, Lutz, Sawyer and Wood 1997). Customer loyalty- Retailers get benefit from online shopping, as they are able to reduce the red tape in global operations, provide effective as well as interactive ads, create possibilities for conducting personalized business, and make marketing research and analysis tools available. Overhead cost- It also reduce the capital as well as overhead costs, reduce the operational costs, reduce the capital costs, gain benefits of tax andincrease the effectiveness of the business to business transactions (Chary and Christopher 2003). Reliabilities- Retailers are also able to conduct flexible ordering, try to level the playing field with various other companies, do better tracking of orders, increase the image of the company through appearing better in the cutting edge of technology, and meet the huge audienceof prospective clients in the online market (Chary and Christopher 2003). Disadvantages Security- Retailers often face the problem of security as well as privacy, along with various other problems including strategic, operational as well as cost based issues (Christian 2001). Competition- Retailers are also affected through the challenges occurring in controlling the online transactions, measuring the results, entering high cost online business, challenges in setting the prices at the global level, cultural issues, and increasing intensified competition (Alba, Lynch, Weitz, Janiszewski, Lutz, Sawyer and Wood 1997). Cost- Retailers are also impacted through the variation in the global tradelaws, changes among the infrastructure of telecommunications, and the technical standards of various countries, high individual delivery costs, challenges in dealing with virtual transactions, issues related to the disintermediation, lack of socialisation, technological fear from the experience of the consumers, and lack of tactility by consumers (Neeraja 2005). Therefore companies need to implement systems for the purpose of determining thecosts as well as financial rewards of going for online business to ensure that the advantages are more than disadvantages (Alba, Lynch, Weitz, Janiszewski, Lutz, Sawyer and Wood 1997). Discussion on future of on-line shopping could be about less choice for consumers, not more. Online business is most likely to continue to grow overtime, as there are more individuals thatare focused towards fulfilling their personal requirements and shopping aims (Ruddick 2014). The article heading of whether online shopping will be preferred by consumers, provides a glimpse of the problems, and what retailers might get wrong, in the market where massive choice is considered as good and limited choice is referred to as bad (Ruddick 2014). Itstrue that in the present time consumers expect more choices; therefore any restriction imposing on choice is considered as a bad thing. (Ruddick 2014). It is likely that where there is a tradeoff, small choices will be seen as a priority (Ruddick 2014). For example, Amazon considers it provides the ultimate offers with an unlimited selection. Thereare many consumers who find it highly frustrating, as it does deals with the media as well as using reviews of consumers doing their own marketing for the brands as well as through word of mouth (Ruddick 2014). Conclusion Its expected that consumers choices will get increase, as more and more companies are entering in online market for offering their products. Its noted that online sales in the UK market is up to 100 billion for the first time. The future of online business is bright and the consumers choices will increase with the increasing companies and innovation taking place in the market. References Alba, J.W and Hutchinson, J.W. 1987. Dimensions of consumer expertise.Journal of Consumer Research, 13(4), pp.411-54. Alba, J.W., Lynch, J., Weitz, B., Janiszewski, C., Lutz, R., Sawyer, A. and Wood, S. 1997. Interactive home shopping: consumer, retailer, and manufacturer incentives to participate in electronic marketplaces Journal of Marketing, 61(7), pp. 38-53. Aldridge, A.; Forcht, K. and Pierson, J. 1997. Get Linked or Get Lost: Marketing Strategy for the Internet.Internet Research, 7(3), pp. 161-9. Adee, A. 2002. Internet Users Intention to Purchase Air Travel Online: An Empirical Investigation Marketing Intelligence Planning, 20(4), pp. 234-242. Bakos, J.Y. and Brynjolfsson, E. 1999. Bundling Information Goods: Pricing, Profits and Efficiency.Management Science, 45(12), pp.1613-30. Bakos, J.Y. and Brynjolfsson, E. 2000. Bundling and Competition on the Internet.Marketing Science, 19(1), pp.63-82 Chary, S.T. and Christopher, M.T. 2003. E-commerce and Indian Consumer. Indian Journal of Marketing, 23(4), pp. 29-31. Christian, R. 2001. Developing an Online Access Strategy: Issues Facing Small-To Medium-Sized Tourism Hospitality Enterprises. Vacation Marketing, 7(2), pp.170-78. Neeraja, G. 2005. E-Business-Trends and Issues. Indian Journal of Marketing, 25(12), pp. 22-23. Ruddick, G. 2014. After 20 years of online shopping, why the future could be about by less choice for consumers, not more.[Online]. Available at:[Accessed on: 1st May 2015].